Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 25246
  Title The role of quadriceps muscle strength in the development of falls in the elderly people, a cross-sectional study
Journal Chiropr & Manual Ther. 2018 ;26(31):Online access only 6 p
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article

Background: Falls are a major health issue in the elderly people and an important cause of bone fracture. The aim of this study was to determine the association between quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) and falls in the elderly subjects.

Methods: All eligible participants of the Amirkola Cohort Study entered the study. Data regarding demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory examinations were provided between 2011 to 2014. Occurrence of falls during previous year was determined by interview and review of the medical records. The study patients were divided into low, moderate and high muscle strength groups according to QMS values ≥ 30, 15–30, and < 15 kg respectively). Association between muscle strength and falls was determined by using multiple logistic regression analysis with calculation of odds ratio (OR).

Results: A total 1028 participants (females, 44.3%) were analyzed and 178(17.3%) subjects experienced a fall. Individuals with falls had higher age (p = 0.001) and lower QMS value (p = 0.001). After adjustment for all clinical and demographic variables, occurrence of falls was negatively associated with QMS and positively associated with age > 70 years old. Compared to group with QMS ≥ 30 kg, the prevalence of falls in low and moderate QMS groups increased by OR = 3(95% CI, 1.78–5.05) and 2.18 (95% CI, 1.22–3.42) respectively.

Conclusion: These findings indicate that older subjects with lower QMS are at greater risk of falls. These findings provide a rational for muscle strengthening exercise in older people.

Author keywords: Elderly people — Fall — Quadriceps muscle strength

Author affiliations: AA, MB: Mobility Impairement Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R. Iran; YJ: Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R Iran; BH: Clinical Research Development Unite of Rouhani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R. Iran; SH: Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R.Iran; MA: School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; click on the above link for free full text. PubMed Record


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